The Amish are a loosely connected network of conservative Anabaptist communities that originated in Switzerland. They split from the Mennonites in Switzerland between and They are followers of Jakob Ammann, who spearheaded the split because he favored harsher excommunication practices and more conservative modes of dress.
Amish basics: swartzentruber amish
The Mennonites and Amish still share basic Anabaptist values, like opposition to both war and infant baptism. Amish women must wear cape dresses and head coverings in public. There is some division between various Amish groups, Largely centered around disputes about evangelism and cultural assimilation.
Here is some information about the four main Amish Orders. They are known for their strict rules involving dress. Old Order Amish communities often prohibit the use of buttons and zippers, for example.
They also wear dark colors, mostly black. The communities regulate hair length, men must grow beards an acceptable length, and women are not allowed to get haircuts. Old Order Amish people also oppose church buildings, preferring to meet in individual homes.
This reflects their wariness of organized religion in general; they think of their house meetings as Swartzentruber amish rules organic and unregulated. They also deliberately avoid modern technologies like cars, electricity and tractors. They are similar to the Old Order Amish, with slightly relaxed rules governing dress and technology.
Colorful clothing is permitted, and men are allowed to trim beards. The communities allow some modern technologies, like telephones, tractors and even airplane travel.
They are also more evangelical than the Old Order Amish, promoting born-again experiences among young people and sending missionaries into non-Amish communities. They are stricter than the Old Order Amish when it comes some practices, like the prohibition of alcohol and tobacco.
They admired the revivalism of many churches in the country, like the Baptists and Methodists and were convinced by their messages of individual salvation. The Beachy Amish began Swartzentruber amish rules their own tent revivals, a practice firmly opposed by the larger Old Order Amish. The group is more relaxed when it comes to technology and dress than other Amish communities, on the grounds that they do not find biblical references that prohibit the use of buttons, zippers and some other basic innovations.
They also allow cars and home electricity. Swartzentruber Amish - The Swartzentruber Amish are a subset of the Old Order Amish known for being even stricter than most Old Order Amish people, and for having lower standards of living.
They are quicker to excommunicate and even more isolated from any non-Amish people. Their standards of dress are harsher, and members may not even ride in cars owned by non-Amish people, except in some emergencies. Their parochial schools are less rigorous than the usual eighth grade education provided in Old Order Amish schoolhouses.
The Swartzentruber Amish see themselves as the truest heirs to the Anabaptist Amish tradition.