The people of the U. Most of Idaho lies in the rugged highlands of the Rocky Mountains. Within the forested region are two of the longest rivers in the country that lie entirely within one state—the Clearwater and the Salmon. In central Idaho there are millions of acres of wilderness. Only packhorses can penetrate their granite crags, wooded slopes, and sharply cut canyons.
Here also are the remains of extinct volcanoes such as those located in Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve. Squeezed between six states and a Canadian province, Idaho was what remained after the Single parent dating picabo idaho states had established their borders. The mountains and forests of the new state contained a great wealth of natural resources, so Idaho eventually became a leading producer of silver, zinc, lead, and lumber.
Prior to the gold strikes of the mids, however, only solitary fur trappers roamed the rugged land. Irrigation has transformed desert areas in the southern part of the state into productive farmland. Agriculture is now a large industry. Idaho potatoes are nationally famous. The final name may have been influenced by a U. Most sources indicate that he simply coined an Indian-sounding word. The poet-journalist Joaquin Millerhowever, claimed that he had mentioned a Shoshone Indian exclamation E-dah-how or -hoe in newspaper s and that he was the first to simplify the spelling to Idaho.
Area 83, square milessquare kilometers.
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Population 1, Idaho is bordered on the west by Washington and Oregonwith the Snake River forming part of the Idaho boundary with both states. To the south are Nevada and Utah.
The states of Wyoming and Montana border Idaho on the east. On the north is the Canadian province of British Columbia. In the south its greatest width is miles kilometers. The distance across the state narrows to about 45 miles 70 kilometers at the top of the long northern panhandle. Much of Idaho is mountainous and lies within the Rocky Mountain System, one of the eight large natural regions that make up the continental United States. Because of its great extent, the state includes portions of both the northern and middle provinces of the Rockies.
The Northern Rockies cover most of the northern half of the state. The crest of a single mountain range, the Bitterroot, forms a large part of the Idaho-Montana boundary.
The Beaverhead Mountains are a large subdivision within this range. In central Idaho is another series of ranges that divides the state into two parts. Other ranges of the Northern Rockies are the Clearwater in the north and the Seven Devils in the west. This section is called the Grand Canyon of the Snake River. Its deepest point, Hells Canyon, reaches a depth of 7, feet 2, meters. Along the southeastern Single parent dating picabo idaho of the state are the Middle Rockies. This region includes the outlying ranges of the Tetons, which extend into Wyoming, and the Wasatch, which are chiefly in Utah.
Peaks rise to between 7, and 10, feet 2, and 3, meterswith grass- and sagebrush-covered plateaus and valleys and a few small lakes scattered among the ranges. The Columbia Plateaus region follows the Snake River through southern Idaho and then northward along the western border. The eastern plateau is known as the Snake River Plain; the western part is called the Payette Section. When irrigated, the lava soil along the Snake River becomes very fertile. In the southeast, between the Middle Rockies and the Columbia Plateaus, is a triangle-shaped region called the Great Basin.
Part of the Basin and Range Province, it consists of isolated ranges and desert plains that extend southward across the border into Utah and Single parent dating picabo idaho. All Idaho lies west of the Continental Divide. As a result, the Snake and Salmon rivers, as well as the smaller streams, reach the Pacific Ocean by way of the Columbia River. Idaho has some 2, lakes, with the largest being Pend Oreille in the panhandle. Idaho has a generally continental climate, with clear, dry air.
In the higher parts of the state the winters are long and severe. The lower valleys, swept by winds from the Pacific and sheltered by the Rockies, have milder winters. Spring usually comes to parts of Idaho before it reaches some more southerly states.
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The growing season varies from 40 days a year in the Beaverhead Mountains to about days a year along parts of the lower Snake River. The southern and central sections are dry, with little rain in summer but with heavy snowfalls in winter. In some parts of these sections, precipitation rain and melted snow averages less than 10 inches 25 centimeters a year. Along the mountain slopes of eastern Shoshone and Clearwater counties, about 50 inches centimeters of precipitation falls each year.
Idaho has six ecological zones, which vary from the sagebrush plains of the Snake River region to the alpine grasslands found in the higher mountain elevations. Vast evergreen forests cover nearly two-fifths of the state.
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Western white pinewhite fir and other true firsand Douglas fir dominate Single parent dating picabo idaho northern forests. Douglas fir is also common in southern forests, along with lodgepole pine and ponderosa pine. Aspen, maple, willow, birch, and mountain ash often carpet the lower slopes of higher mountains. Idaho is one of the few states in which grizzly bears and gray wolves roam free, though in small s.
Idaho is known for its wilderness areas. These wilderness areas and adjacent forested lands provide hunting for elk, Rocky Mountain goats, bighorn sheep, and mule deer. Idaho is also one of the few states in which there are large s of sage grouse and sharp-tailed grouse.
Fishing for trout, including the Kamloops Kootenai and steelhead varieties, takes place on many of the thousands of miles of rivers and streams in the state. People identifying themselves as Hispanic constitute slightly more than one-tenth of the population. The of foreign-born Idahoans is also small, at about 6 percent of the population. Idaho is thinly populated. The capital city is Boisea trade and agricultural center in the southwest.
Pocatello is the railroad and trade hub of the southeastern corner of the state. Phosphate rock is mined nearby. Idaho Falls, on the upper Snake River, is noted for its agricultural products. Lewiston, in northern Idaho, is a major manufacturer of lumber and wood products. Twin Falls is the distribution center for a fertile Single parent dating picabo idaho area in the Snake River Plain. Nampa is the rail center of the southwest.
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Caldwell, which is west of Boise, and Burley, near Twin Falls, are food-processing centers. Mormons founded the earliest school for white children, at Franklin in For many years education was hampered by a lack of good ro on which to travel to the schools. As a result of legislation enacted inthe of public school districts has been reduced from more than 1, to fewer than Many schools were consolidated. The public schools are directed by the State Board of Education.
More than 30, acres 12, hectares of Yellowstone National Park are in eastern Idaho. Sun Valley, in the rugged Sawtooth Mountains, is a popular year-round resort.
Developed by the Union Pacific Railroad init was the first major ski resort in the United States. See also national parks. Big-game hunting and trout fishing are popular sports in the state.
Other common recreational activities are camping and winter sports such as skiing. The U. Forest Service maintains many campgrounds throughout the state. Idaho does not have major professional sports teams, but its university teams have many fans. Since the s Idaho Falls and Boise have had minor league baseball franchises. Among the best-known athletes produced by Idaho are baseball Hall of Famer Harmon Killebrew and Picabo Streetan Olympic medalist in downhill skiing. After white settlers arrived, they built opera houses in the mining camps. Those places staged various musical shows and dramas.
Today culture in Idaho is found mainly in Boise and at colleges and universities in other parts of the state. The Boise Art Museum has a permanent collection of about Single parent dating picabo idaho, works of art dating from antiquity through the 21st century. The Idaho Shakespeare Festival performs works in an outdoor amphitheater along the river in Boise every summer.
The city is also home to the second largest Basque community in the United States after California. Cities outside Boise—Moscow, Pocatello, and Idaho Falls—also have orchestras that perform throughout the year. The Art Museum of Eastern Idaho, in Idaho Falls, focuses on the work of Idaho artists and offers outreach programs for students in that area. Idaho Falls is also home to the Museum of Idaho, a history and science museum. Hemingway settled in Ketchum in and wrote his last works there.
Brink, born in Moscow, wrote books for adults and children. For brief biographies of some notable people of Idaho.