History of wine in italy dating back to the phoenicians, South chica looking up History of wine in italy dating back to the phoenicians for nsa
The oldest traces of human life found on the island are believed to date back to the thirteenth millennium BC, with some findings in the hinterland of Syracuse and the Niscemi cave in Palermo. The Phoenicians, who were able merchants and sailors, introduced vines to Sicily, although wild vines were already part of the spontaneous flora.
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Traces of viticulture and first, winemaking spread to the mediterranean sea north africa e.
This area spans a large area that includes the modern day nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, northern Iran, and eastern Turkey. Ancient wine production evidence dates between 6, BC and 4, BC, and includes an ancient winery site in Armenia, grape residue found in clay jars in Georgia, and s of grape domestication in eastern Turkey. This was during the Stone Age neolithic period when people used obsidian for tools, raised cattle and pigs, and most importantly, grew grapes.
Organic compounds found in ancient Georgian pottery link winemaking to an area in the Southern Caucasus.
The pottery vessels, called Kvevri or Qvevrican still be found in modern winemaking in Georgia today! This research supports a theory that a convergence zone between cultivated and wild vines could be the origin place of winemaking!
The oldest known winery 4, BC exists in group of caves outside the Armenian village of Areni. The village is still known for winemaking and makes red wines with a local grape also called Areni.
Areni is thought to be quite old and you can still drink it today! From West Asia, wine grapes followed cultures as they expanded into the Mediterranean. Sea-fairing civilizations including the Phoenicians and Greeks spread wine throughout much of Europe.
As grapes came into new areas they slowly mutated to survive new climates. This is why we have several thousands of wine grapes today!
1. introduction to the history of wine
Diversity is important. In wine, diversity protects against disease and reduces the need for pesticides.
Additionally, different grapes thrive in different climates. This gives us the opportunity to grow wine grapes in many places. Unfortunately, demand for popular grapes reduces the amount of natural diversity in the world. Many ancient regions with rare varieties pull out their native grapevines in favor of popular varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon or Pinot Noir.
Planting familiar grapes is more common that you might think. Current vineyard statistics suggest that there are overacres k hectares of Cabernet Sauvignon. Whereas, some rare varieties only exist in a single vineyard! If you love wine, make an effort to try new wines; it encourages diversity!
I hope you enjoyed this exploration of the origin of wine and explore the collection below. Explore More Grapes. I co-founded Wine Folly to help people learn about wine.
June 19, - Updated on October 19th, Current evidence suggests wine grapes originated in West Asia. Where is The True Origin of Wine? Wine in 6, BC Organic compounds found in ancient Georgian pottery link winemaking to an area in the Southern Caucasus. Go From Beginner to Expert Tools and accessories that help you expand your knowledge.