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Gabapentin is a prescription drug.

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Gabapentin is an anticonvulsant medication used in the management of peripheral neuropathic pains, postherpetic neuralgia, and partial-onset seizures. Gabapentin is a structural analogue of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA that was first approved for use in the United States in It is structurally and functionally related to another GABA derivative, pregabalin.

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Medically reviewed by Kaci Durbin, MD. Last updated on March 3, Drug class gabapentin is an anti-epileptic drug, also called an anticonvulsant. It affects chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved in the cause of seizures and some types of pain. Gabapentin is used together with other medicines to treat partial seizures in adults and children at least 3 years old.

Gabapentin is also used to treat neuropathic pain nerve pain caused by herpes virus or shingles herpes zoster in adults. Use only the brand and form of gabapentin your doctor has prescribed. Check your medicine each time you get a refill to make sure you receive the correct form. The Gralise brand of gabapentin is indicated for the management of neuropathic pain only.

It is not used for epilepsy.

Horizant is used to treat nerve pain and restless legs syndrome RLS. The Neurontin brand is used to treat seizures in adults Drug class gabapentin children who are at least 3 years old, in addition to neuropathic pain. Gabapentin can cause life-threatening breathing problems, especially if you already have a breathing disorder or if you use other medicines that can make you drowsy or slow your breathing.

Seek emergency medical attention if you have very slow breathing. Some people have thoughts about suicide or behavior changes while taking gabapentin.

Stay alert to changes in your mood or symptoms. Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor. Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how gabapentin will affect you. Dizziness or drowsiness can cause falls, accidents, or severe injuries.

Pharmacology

Some people have thoughts about suicide while taking this medicine. Children taking gabapentin may have behavior changes. It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or Drug class gabapentin to become pregnant. Seizure control is very important during pregnancy, and having a seizure could harm both mother and baby. Do not start or stop taking gabapentin for seizures without your doctor's advice, and tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant.

If you are pregnant, your name may be listed on a pregnancy registry to track the effects of gabapentin on the baby. It may not be safe to breastfeed while using this medicine. Ask your doctor about any risk. Take gabapentin exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. If your doctor changes your brand, strength, Drug class gabapentin type of gabapentin, your dosage needs may change. Ask your pharmacist if you have any questions about the new kind of gabapentin you receive at the pharmacy.

What is gabapentin?

If you break a Neurontin tablet and take only half of it, take the other half at your next dose. Any tablet that has been broken should be used as soon as possible or within a few days. Measure liquid medicine carefully. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use Drug class gabapentin medicine dose-measuring device not a kitchen spoon. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly, even if you feel fine.

Stopping suddenly may cause increased seizures.

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Follow your doctor's instructions about tapering your dose. This medicine can cause unusual with certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using gabapentin.

Store both the tablets and capsules at room temperature away from light and moisture. Initial dose: mg orally on day one, mg orally 2 times day on day two, then mg orally 3 times a day on day three Maintenance dose: to mg orally 3 times a day Maximum dose: mg orally daily in 3 divided doses -Maximum time between doses in the 3 times a day schedule should not exceed 12 hours -The safety and effectiveness Drug class gabapentin gabapentin available under the trade name Gralise or Horizant in patients with epilepsy has not been studied.

Why is this medication prescribed?

Use: Adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial onset seizures, with and without secondary generalization. Gabapentin enacarbil extended release tablets are available under the trade name Horizant: -The recommended dosage is mg orally 2 times a day.

Use: Postherpetic neuralgia. Gabapentin enacarbil available under the trade name Horizant: mg orally once daily with food at about 5 PM Use: For the treatment of moderate-to-severe primary Restless Legs Syndrome RLS in adults.

Gabapentin may be administered as the oral solution, capsule, or tablet, or using combinations of these formulations. The maximum time interval between doses should not exceed 12 hours. The maximum time between doses in the three times a day schedule should not exceed 12 hours. Use: Adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial onset seizures, with and without secondary generalization in patients 3 years of age and older. Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses Drug class gabapentin one time.

If you take Horizant: Skip the missed dose and use your next dose at the regular time. Do not use two doses of Horizant at one time.

Your reactions could be impaired. Avoid taking an antacid within 2 hours before you take gabapentin. Antacids can make it harder for your body to absorb gabapentin. Get emergency medical help if you have s of an allergic reaction to gabapentin : hives ; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Seek medical treatment if you have a serious drug reaction that can affect many parts of your body. Symptoms may include: skin rashfever, swollen glands, muscle aches, severe weakness, unusual bruising, upper stomach pain, or yellowing of your skin or eyes. Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: Drug class gabapentin or behavior changes, anxietypanic attackstrouble sleeping, or if you feel impulsive, irritable, agitated, hostile, aggressive, restless, hyperactive mentally or physicallydepressed, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.

Gabapentin can cause life-threatening breathing problems. A person caring for you should seek emergency medical attention if you have slow breathing with long pauses, blue colored lips, or if you are hard to wake up.

Breathing problems may be more likely in older adults or in people with COPD. Some side effects are more likely in children taking gabapentin.

Contact your doctor if the child taking this medicine has Drug class gabapentin of the following side effects:. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Using gabapentin with other drugs that make you drowsy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous side effects or death.

Ask your doctor before using opioid medication, a sleeping pill, cold or allergy medicine, a muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety or seizures. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using. Gabapentin may Drug class gabapentin weight gain, but it is a rare side effect. Studies have shown that a small of people taking gabapentin weight gain. People who do gain weight may gain about 5 pounds after 6 weeks of use. Continue reading. Case reports have shown that gabapentin withdrawal can last for up to 5 days or longer, but the duration has not been well established in human studies.

Identification

Gabapentin is a prescription medication that may help you sleep. That may be why it has been prescribed for people with insomnia, even though it is not approved for that use. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use gabapentin only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this applies to your personal circumstances. Treatments Pain Gabapentin Print Save. Detailed Gabapentin dosage information. Gabapentin side effects more detail.